Jatropha is a genus of flowering plants in the spurge family, Euphorbiaceae. A shrub with small flowers surrounded by bright red bracts. Evergreen shrubs, with lactescence. Leaves simple, alternate, oblanceolate, often fascicled on the terminal of stems. Its Cherry-Blossom-like flowers are very small, but the flowering period is very long and almost in all the year.
In areas warm enough to support its growth, wait until mid-May or later to set it out. Plant in full sun to partial shade. Those growing in full sun flower best, though. Spicy jatropha is not particular about soil pH, as long as the soil is well-draining.
Once established, it grows rapidly. A regular watering schedule is necessary for the first growing season so that it builds a deep and extensive root system. The jatropha tolerates drought and saline conditions to a moderate degree.
After planting the plant you should water it daily for the first week. Then you can decrease the watering time to the alternate days. After two weeks you can water the plant when you see the soil surface is dry. This is possible since jatropha is a drought tolerant plant.
Jatropha can be pruned at any time. They can be pruned as a single trunk for tree growth, or tip pruned for internal branching. Tip pruning will give the appearance of a shrub giving the plant a round shape.